Difference between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Translation

Translation or protein synthesis is a process during which the genetic information is translated, following the dictations of the genetic code, into the sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide  gene product requiring the functions of a large number of macromolecules. In simple words, it is a process in living cells in which the genetic information encoded in messenger RNA(mRNA) in the form of a sequence of nucleotide triplets (codons) is translated into a sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain during protein synthesis.
Prokaryotic Translation vs Eukaryotic Translation
Prokaryotic translation
Eukaryotic translation
It occurs on 70 S Ribosomes It occurs on 80 S Ribosomes.
It is a continuous process as both transcription and translation occur in cytoplasm. prokaryotic transcription It is a discontinuous process as transcription occurs in nucleus while translation on cytoplasm. eukaryotic transcriptiob
mRNA is polycistronic mRNA is monocistronic.
First amino acid taking part is fMet. First amino acid is Met(methionine)
It is a faster process, adds about 20 amino acids per second. It adds one amino acids per second, thus a slower process.
It requires three initiation factors IF1, IF2, IF3 It requires a set of nine initiation factors.
After translation formyl group from first formylated methionine is removed, retaining methionine in the polypeptide chain. The whole of initiating methionine is removed from the polypeptide chain.
It requires three release factors RF1, RF2 and RF3 in the termination. It requires single release factor eRF1.
mRNA life is short( few seconds to two minutes) as mRNA is unstable. mRNA has a life of few hours to few days; it is quite stable.

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