Difference between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Flagella

Flagella and Cilia are fine vibratile hair like membrane covered protoplasmic outgrowths that occur on the free surface of the cells and take part in producing a current in fluid medium for passage of materials and locomotion. Flagella are longer but fewer(generally 1-4). Flagella occur  in group flagellate or protozoan protistans, euglenoids, dinoflagellates, choanocytes of sponges, gastrodermal cells of coelenterates, sperms of animal bryophytes and several pteridophytes, zoospores and gametes of several algae and primitive fungi.
Eukaryotic flagella
Prokaryotic Flagella vs Eukaryotic Flagella
Prokaryotic Flagella
Eukaryotic Flagella
They are single stranded They are 11 stranded
A covering membraneous sheath is absent. Flagella are covered by sheath derived from plasmalemma.
The size is smaller. The size is larger.
They are narrower. They are thicker.
Each flagellum has three parts: basal body, hook and filament. There are two parts: basal body and shaft.
Basal body bears rings. Basal body bears rootlets
They are formed of protein flagellin. The strands are formed of protein tubulin.
They perform rotatory movements.  They perform lashing or undulatory movements.
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Zunaira Khan said...

This is very helpful.....

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