Indian elephant: It is the largest, terrestrial animal found in the forests and tall grassy areas in India. It is gregarious, diurnal and herbivorous.  Sexes show sexual dimorphism and female has a pair of mammae on thorax and small sized tusks. Female is viviparous.
Body is divisible in 4 parts: Head, neck, trunk and tail. Head is large sized and bears small sized eyes, large pinnae, proboscis (trunk) and tusks (in both the sexes). Trunk is also very large sized with thick pillar like legs. Each limb is 5 digited but digits are not distinct externally because are embedded in a common integument. Tail is small and thin.
African elephants is larger in size(3.45m high) and depressed back, large sized pinnae, large sized tuss only in male.10 Differences between African Elephant and Asian Elephant (African Elephant vs Indian Elephant)
Indian Elephant (Asian Elephant)  vs African Elephant
Indian Elephant (Asian Elephant)
African Elephant
Scientific name: Elephas indicus
Scientific name: Loxodonta africana
Small sized (3 m)
Large sized (3.5m)
Height : 6.5 -9’ (Tallest at back)
Height : 9-13’ (Tallest at shoulder)
Weight: 6600 – 13200 lbs
Weight: 8800-15400 lbs
Head double dome
Head single dome
Arched back
Depressed back
Small sized pinnae.
Large sized pinnae.(African shaped ear)
Tusks Small sized and in both sexes.
Tusks large sized and found only in males.
Trunk tip: One finger for grasping
Two fingers for grasping
Back feet  have 4 toe nails showing
Back feet  have 3 toe nails showing

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