10 Differences between Fungi and Animals (Fungi vs Animals)

Fungus vs Animals
Fungi are microscopic or macroscopic, non-chlorophyllated, spore bearing, filamentous, heterotrophic thallophytes which reproduce asexually and sexually
 Animals are eukaryotic living organism that feeds on organic matter, typically having specialized sense organs and nervous system and able to respond rapidly to stimuli.
Molecular phylogenetic studies revealed that fungi are more closely related to animals than plants
10 Differences between Fungi and Animals (Fungi vs Animals)
Fungus
Animals
Fungal cell has a rigid cell wall made up of chitin
Animal cells lack cell wall
 In Fungus, mode of nutrition is Heterotrophic and absorptive
      Secrete digestive enzymes
      Feed by absorption in soluble form
      Saprotrophic, parasitic or symbiotic

      In animals, mode of nutrition is Heterotrophic and holozoic
      Feed by ingesting solid food materials which is then internally digested and absorbed into their bodies

Fungus don’t move around
All animals can move at least during some stage of their life cycle
Fungal thallus is generally multi cellular, with filaments called hyphae and network of these filaments makes mycelium (Exception: Yeast is a unicellular fungus)
The body is multi-cellular, well differentiated into tissues, organs and organ system
Fungi like plants are comparatively slow in response and can sense environmental signals and react accordingly, changing their development, direction of growth, and metabolism
Animals are capable of responding quickly to external stimuli as a result of nerve cells, muscle or contractile tissue, or both.
Reproduce both sexually and asexually
Asexual spores include zoospores, conidia etc
Generally reproduce sexually, involves two individuals contributing genetic material to produce offspring
Comparatively complex life cycle. In the life cycle of a sexually reproducing fungus, a haploid phase alternates with a diploid phase.
Comparatively simple life cycle. Diploid adults undergo meiosis to produce sperm or eggs. Fertilization occurs when a sperm and an egg fuse. The zygote that forms develops into an embryo. The embryo eventually develops into an adult.
Dikaryotic phase is very common (presence of two nuclei of opposite mating strains without fusion) and even dominant phase in many fungal groups like Basidiomycetes
Dikaryotic phase is absent
Most fungus has haploid dominant life cycle with an long dikaryotic phase
Animals has diploid dominant life cycle with haploid phase only in gametes
Example: Mushroom (Agaricus bisporus), yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Humans (Homo sapiens), Rat, parrot, fish

x
Sharing is Caring ..... Please take 5 seconds to Share. Thank you...

0 comments:

Post a Comment

We Love to hear from U :) Leave us a Comment to improve this site
Thanks for Visiting.....

Follow by Email

 
2013-2018 Major Differences | MajorDifferences.com. Our Partners Plant Science 4 U, Biology Exams 4 U, Biology Quizzes, MCQ Biology