The sexually transmitted diseases are a group of communicable diseases that are transmitted predominantly by sexual contact and caused by a wide range of bacterial, viral and protozoans etc.
Examples of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD)
Trichomonas vaginalis
Herpes genitalis
HSV 2 virus
Condyloma acuminatum
Papova virus
Molluscum contagiosum
Pox virus
Treponema pallidum
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Gardnerella vaginalis
Haemophilus ducreyi
Syphilis and Gonorrhoea
Syphilis vs Gonorrhoea
 Major sexually transmitted diseases are Syphilis and Gonorrhoea.
Syphilis symptoms:
Characterized by the lesion in the mucous membrane of urinogenital tract, ulcers on genitalia and swelling of local lymph nodes, hair loss, swollen joints which can lead to brain damage, blindness and heart disease etc.
Gonorrhoea symptoms:
Discharge of pus or excessive vaginal secretion, burning on urination and pain around the genitals. Also to arthritis and eyes infection in children of gonorrhea afflicted mothers.
Causative agent
Treponema pallidum (Spirochaete)
Neisseria gonorrhoeae (Bacteria)
Mode of infections and spread
Sexual contact with infected person. New born babies get it from infected mothers.
Sexual contact with infected person. Pregnant women can pass on the infection to their babies during birth.
Stages of Syphilis:
 In the first stage, tiny painless hard sores develop on the genital organs.
 In the second stage, coppery rashes appear over the body, and ulcers inside the mouth. The disease is infectious during the first and second stages. The disease is not infectious at the third stage.
In the third stage, lesions develop on the internal organs such as aorta, nervous system, liver spleen etc.

In males thick yellow discharge from urethra, pain on passing urine, pus in the urine and semen.

In females, vaginal discharge, pain on urination, and inflammation of the external genital organs. It may cause sterility in females.
Antibiotics like penicillin, tetracycline
Penicillin and Ampicillin

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