Difference between Hepatitis A, B and C

Viral hepatitis is commonly called jaundice. There are five varieties of hepatitis are known: Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Hepatitis D and Hepatitis E. The symptoms in early phase include: fever, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, epigastric discomfort, pains in muscles and joints. In early stage the liver is enlarged and congested. In later stage the liver becomes smaller, yellowish or greenish.


Hepatitis A
  • Name of virus: HAV
  • Nucleic acid present in virus: RNA
  • Mode of spread: Faecal, oral
  • Incubation period in Days: 15-45
  • Chronic hepatitis: none
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma (Liver cancer): No
  • Year of Identification: 1973
Hepatitis B
  • Name of virus: HBV
  • Nucleic acid present in virus: DNA
  • Mode of spread: Parenteral; close personal contact become chronic
  • Incubation period in Days: 30-180
  • Chronic hepatitis: Yes about 40-60%
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma (Liver cancer): Yes
  • Year of Identification: 1966

Hepatitis C
  • Name of virus: HCV (also called non A, non B (NANB) hepatitis virus
  • Nucleic acid present in virus: RNA
  • Mode of spread: Parenteral; close personal contact
  • Incubation period in Days: 20-90
  • Chronic hepatitis: Yes about 40-60%
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma (Liver cancer): yes
  • Year of Identification: 1989
*Parenteral: Taken into the body in a manner other than through digestive tract.
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